Using STL to verify brackets or parentheses combination in an expression

In this we will see how to check if a given string take valid combination of open and close brackets i.e.

(4+{8-[22+8]*}] contains valid order of open and close brackets.

({5+8]) contains invalid combination of open and close brackets.

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Bracket combinations to be used,

  • { , }
  • [,]
  • (,)

Algo Used:


  • Create a empty stack of characters
  • Traverse characters in string one by one.
    • If any open bracket is encountered, then push that in stack
    • If any type of close bracket is encountered then match it’s open bracket counterpart with top of stack.
      • If match is successful then pop character from stack.
      • If match is unsuccessful then RETURN FALSE.
  • If stack is empty RETURN TRUE;
  • If stack is not empty RETURN FALSE;

Code is as follows,

#include <iostream>
#include <string>
#include <stack>
#include <map>
#include <iterator>

using namespace std;

bool isOpenBracket(char val, map<char, char> mapOfBrackets)
    map<char, char>::iterator it = mapOfBrackets.begin();
    while(it != mapOfBrackets.end())
         if(it->second == val)
           return true;
    return false;
bool testBracket(string s)
    stack<char> bracketStack;
    map<char, char> bracketMap;

    bracketMap['}'] = '{';
    bracketMap[')'] = '(';
    bracketMap[']'] = '[';

    for(int i = 0; i < s.size(); i++)
       if(isOpenBracket(s[i], bracketMap))

       if(bracketMap.find(s[i]) != bracketMap.end())
            return false;
         if( != bracketMap[s[i]])
            return false;

 if(bracketStack.size() > 0)
    return false;
    return true;

int main()
  return 0;

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