The `std::all_of()`

function is a STL Algorithm in C++. It can be used to check if all the elements of a sequence satisfies a condition or not. The sequence can be a vector, array, list or any other sequential container.

We need to include the `<algorithm>`

header file to use the `std::all_of()`

function.

## Syntax of std::all_of()

template <class InputIterator, class UnaryPredicate> bool all_of (InputIterator first, InputIterator last, UnaryPredicate pred);

## Parameters of std::all_of()

It accepts three arguments,

`first`

: An Iterator pointing to the start of sequence.`last`

: An Iterator pointing to the end of sequence.`pred`

: A callback function.- It will be a unary function, which accepts an element from range as argument, and returns a bool value.
- It basically checks if the given element satisfies the given condition or not.
- It can be a Lambda function or a function pointer or a function object.

The sequence can be a `std::vector`

, `array`

, `std::list`

, `std::array`

or any other sequential container.

## Return value of std::all_of()

- It returns a bool value.
- It applies all the given callback function (Unary Predicate) on all the elements of sequence. If this callback function returns
`true`

for all the elements of sequence, then the`std::all_of()`

also returns`true`

, otherwise it returns`false`

.

- It applies all the given callback function (Unary Predicate) on all the elements of sequence. If this callback function returns

## Examples of std::all_of() in C++

### Using std::all_of() with vector & Lambda function

Suppose we have a vector of integers, and we want to check if all the numbers in vector are even numbers. For this we can use the `std::all_of()`

function. We can pass three arguments in the `std::all_of()`

i.e.

- Iterator pointing to the start of vector.
- Iterator pointing to the end of vector.
- A lambda function which accepts an integer, and returns true if the given integer is even number.

The `std::all_of()`

applied the givend lambda function on all the elements of vector. If this lambda function returns true for all the elements of vector, then it means all elements of vector satisfies the condition i.e. all elements are even in vector. In that case `std::all_of()`

will return true.

#include <iostream> #include <algorithm> #include <vector> int main () { std::vector<int> numbers = {22, 44, 46, 68, 90, 88, 36}; // check if all elements of vector are even numbers bool result = std::all_of( numbers.begin(), numbers.end(), [](const int& num){ // Check if given number is even return num % 2 == 0; }); if ( result ) { std::cout<<"All integers in Vector are even numbers. \n"; } else { std::cout<<"All integers in Vector are not even numbers. \n"; } return 0; }

**Output:**

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All integers in Vector are even numbers.

Here, we used the `std::all_of()`

to check if all elements of vector are even numbers.

### Using std::all_of() with array & function pointer

Suppose we have an array of integers, and we want to check if all the numbers in array are even numbers. For this we can use the `std::all_of()`

function just like the previous solution. But we will use a function pointer instead of lambda function.

#include <iostream> #include <algorithm> // A Unary Function bool condition(const int& num) { // Check if given number is even return num % 2 == 0; } int main () { int arr[] = {22, 44, 46, 68, 90, 88, 36}; // check if all elements of array are even numbers bool result = std::all_of( std::begin(arr), std::end(arr), &condition); if ( result ) { std::cout<<"All integers in array are even numbers. \n"; } else { std::cout<<"All integers in array are not even numbers. \n"; } return 0; }

**Output:**

All integers in array are even numbers.

Here, we used the `std::all_of()`

to check if all elements of an array are even numbers.

## Summary

We learned about the usage details of `std::all_of()`

function in C++.