C++ : How to split a string using String and character as Delimiter?

In this article we will see 2 techniques to split a std::string in C++ and return the result in std::vector<std::string> i.e.

  • Splitting a std::string using a char as delimiter.
  • Splitting a std::string using an another std::string as delimiter.

How to Split a std::string using a char as delimiter:

In this we will convert the passed string into a stringstream and from that string stream we will fetch each word using getline method,

#include <string>
#include <vector>
#include <sstream>
#include <iostream>
/*
std::string split implementation by using delimiter as a character.
*/
std::vector<std::string> split(std::string strToSplit, char delimeter)
{
    std::stringstream ss(strToSplit);
    std::string item;
    std::vector<std::string> splittedStrings;
    while (std::getline(ss, item, delimeter))
    {
       splittedStrings.push_back(item);
    }
    return splittedStrings;
}

But wait a minute, above function splits a string by a character delimiter but what if I want to split it based on another string,

like if first string is “Lets split this line using split functions” then on splitting it with “split” delimiter the result should be,

“Lets”

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“this line using”

“functions”

To achieve this we have to write an another split function with std::string as delimiter i.e.

How to split a string by another string as delimiter:

/*
std::string split implementation by using delimeter as an another string
*/
std::vector<std::string> split(std::string stringToBeSplitted, std::string delimeter)
{
     std::vector<std::string> splittedString;
     int startIndex = 0;
     int  endIndex = 0;
     while( (endIndex = stringToBeSplitted.find(delimeter, startIndex)) < stringToBeSplitted.size() )
    {
       std::string val = stringToBeSplitted.substr(startIndex, endIndex - startIndex);
       splittedString.push_back(val);
       startIndex = endIndex + delimeter.size();
     }
     if(startIndex < stringToBeSplitted.size())
     {
       std::string val = stringToBeSplitted.substr(startIndex);
       splittedString.push_back(val);
     }
     return splittedString;
}


In the above code we will search for the delimiters in the passed string and fetch the sub strings in between them.

Complete executable code is as follows,

#include <string>
#include <vector>
#include <sstream>
#include <iostream>

/*
std::string split implementation by using delimeter as a character.
*/
std::vector<std::string> split(std::string strToSplit, char delimeter)
{
    std::stringstream ss(strToSplit);
    std::string item;
	std::vector<std::string> splittedStrings;
    while (std::getline(ss, item, delimeter))
	{
		splittedStrings.push_back(item);
    }
	return splittedStrings;
}

/*
std::string split implementation by using delimeter as an another string
*/
std::vector<std::string> split(std::string stringToBeSplitted, std::string delimeter)
{
	std::vector<std::string> splittedString;
	int startIndex = 0;
	int  endIndex = 0;
	while( (endIndex = stringToBeSplitted.find(delimeter, startIndex)) < stringToBeSplitted.size() )
	{

		std::string val = stringToBeSplitted.substr(startIndex, endIndex - startIndex);
		splittedString.push_back(val);
		startIndex = endIndex + delimeter.size();

	}
	if(startIndex < stringToBeSplitted.size())
	{
		std::string val = stringToBeSplitted.substr(startIndex);
		splittedString.push_back(val);
	}
	return splittedString;

}

int main()
{
	std::string str = "Lets split this line using split functions";

	// Spliting the string by ''
	std::vector<std::string> splittedStrings = split(str, ' ');
	for(int i = 0; i < splittedStrings.size() ; i++)
		std::cout<<splittedStrings[i]<<std::endl;

	// Spliting the string by an another std::string
	std::vector<std::string> splittedStrings_2 = split(str, "split");
	for(int i = 0; i < splittedStrings_2.size() ; i++)
		std::cout<<splittedStrings_2[i]<<std::endl;	

	return 0;

}

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1 thought on “C++ : How to split a string using String and character as Delimiter?”

  1. If you want to split on one of multiple chars or want the splitting to be faster you could try subparser + subbuffer from https://github.com/VerizonDigital/json_parser. You would end up with a vector. subbuffer’s are a const char* + length + all the normal functionality for comparing, searching, etc. I didn’t compile the following but am reasonably sure it would build.

    string data(“……”);
    char delim(‘ ‘);
    string delim2(“hello”);
    chargrp delim3(” \n\t”);
    vector subs;

    // split with a char
    subparser prsr(data, delim, subparser::SKIP_EMPTY);
    prsr.split(data);

    // split with a string
    subparser prsr2(data, delim2, subparser::SKIP_EIMPTY);
    prsr2.split(data);

    // split on any one of multiple chars
    subparser prsr3(data, delim3, subparser::SKIP_EMPTY);
    prsr3.split(data);

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