Check If String starts with a Number in Python

This article will discuss different ways to check if a string starts with a number in Python.

Table of Contents

Check if a String starts with a Number using isdigit()

In Python, the string class provides a member function isdigit(). Which returns True if the string contains digits only; otherwise it returns False. We can select the string’s first character as a sub-string and check if it is a digit. This way, we can confirm if a string starts with a number or not. Let’s see some examples,

Example 1:

sample_str = "7th version"

# Check if String starts with a Number
if sample_str[0].isdigit():
    print("The String '%s' starts with a number" % (sample_str))
else:
    print("The String '%s' does not starts with a number" % (sample_str))

Output:

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The String '7th version' starts with a number

Here we used a string that started with a numeric character.

Example 2:

sample_str = "Sample of 11 Strings"

# Check if String starts with a Number
if sample_str[0].isdigit():
    print("The String '%s' starts with a number" % (sample_str))
else:
    print("The String '%s' does not starts with a number" % (sample_str))

Output:

The String 'Sample of 11 Strings' does not starts with a number

Here we used a string with a numeric character, but the string does not start with a number.

Check if a String starts with a Number using Regex

In Python, the regex module provides a function search(). It accepts a regex pattern and string as arguments. It looks for given regex pattern in the given string. If a match to the pattern is found, it returns a Match object; otherwise, it returns None if no match is found. We can check if a string starts with a number using the regex pattern “^\d”.

The caret ^ has a special meaning in a regex. It is called the “anchor”. The caret “^” matches at the beginning of the text. By using “\d” after the caret “^” i.e. “^\d”, we are specifying that string must start with a digit.

Let’s see some examples,

Example 1:

import re

sample_str = "7th version"

# Check if String starts with a Number
if re.search("^\d", sample_str) is not None:
    print("The String '%s' starts with a number" % (sample_str))
else:
    print("The String '%s' does not starts with a number" % (sample_str))

Output:

The String '7th version' starts with a number

Here we used a string that started with a numeric character.

Example 2:

import re

sample_str = "The 7th version"

# Check if String starts with a Number
if re.search("^\d", sample_str) is not None:
    print("The String '%s' starts with a number" % (sample_str))
else:
    print("The String '%s' does not starts with a number" % (sample_str))

Output:

The String 'The 7th version' does not starts with a number

It was a negative test. Here we used a string with a numeric character, but the string does not start with a number.

Example 3:

import re

sample_str = ""

if re.search("^\d", sample_str) is not None:
    print("The String '%s' starts with a number" % (sample_str))
else:
    print("The String '%s' does not starts with a number" % (sample_str))

Output:

The String '' does not starts with a number

It was a negative test. Here we used an empty string.

Summary:

We learned about two different ways to check if a string starts with a number or not in Python.

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